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Picot Designs

 
Picot Designs
 
 

Description:   Picot designs are vintage Macrame techniques frequently seen in patterns written in the early 1900's.   Picots are small loops that can be placed along edges of Macrame designs. They are often used to add decoration, and make the item look more feminine. 

There are many ways to make picots, and they can be placed anywhere in a Macrame project.  On this page are techniques used to make picots along the edges of sennits, which are a series of knots.  You can use these techniques to make items like purse straps, bracelets, belts, etc.


The first three techniques described below feature Square Knots

There are also two other types, one with Vertical Larks Head knots, and the other with the Spiral Stitch.

Make sure you click on the links above to practice, if you don't know how to tie these knots.


Another page you should review is Unique Mounting Designs, which shows how picots can be used in the mounting process rather than in a sennit.


There are two beginner's projects in the Kid's section that feature picots.  Both are a great way to practice this important technique:


To view other Macrame projects that feature picots, see:

 


 
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Square Knot Picots

 
SK Picots
 
 

The first three Picot designs on this page are created using Square Knots.  This particular design is the most common.

The size of the picot loops is determined by how much space is between the Square knots. 


Important: When using Picot designs in a Macrame project, the cords used to make the picots need to be longer than usual:

Determine the length of the area you wish to make with the picots, and multiply that by 15.  That's how much material you need for just the area with the picots.  This amount should be added to the lengths needed for the rest of the project.


Step 1: Secure two 18-inch filler cords, and two 36-inch working cords to your board, arranged like the images below:

Fillers = Blue

Working Cords = Brown



 
2 inches
 

Tie a Square Knot. 

Move down 2 inches, and tie another Square knot.

 

 
Slide
 

Step 2: Slide the second SK up, so it rests just below the first one.

The loops on both sides are the picots.

 

 
Picots
 

Step 3: Tie several more SK.  The picots will be the same size if each knot is 2 inches apart. 

Try putting different amounts of space between the knots, to get a feel for the type of Picot Designs you can make with this technique.

 
 


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Square Knot Picots - One Side


One Side


Picot designs were very popular in the early 1900's. But they were usually made on one side only, which is what you will learn now.

How this design differs from the one shown above is that you do not add space between the Square knots.

The example below shows the picots on the left, using LEFT Square knots.

To make the picot designs on the right, tie RIGHT Square Knots, and pull the right working cord to make the picots.




Pull

Step 1: Fold one 36-inch cord in half, and secure it. This will give you 2 fillers.

Place a 36-inch working cord under it, and tie one LEFT Square Knot.

Pull the left half of the working cord to the left, and secure it 1-inch from the knot.




SK 2

Step 2: Tie another LEFT Square knot below the first, making sure the portion you pulled to the side remains in place.

This gives you a picot on the left side only.




Repeat

Step 3: Repeat steps 1 and 2 a few more times, to form the rest of the sennit.





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Square Knot Picots - Front


Front Picots


Picot designs like this one are rarely used anymore. I found this technique in a Macrame book written in 1899.

The reason it's so unique is that the loops come out from the front of the sennit. Also, the loops are made by the fillers, rather than the working cords.  

Should you decide to use it in a Macrame project, the fillers need to be longer than the working cords.


Step 1: Fold one 45-inch cord in half, and secure it. This will give you 2 fillers.  Slide a 36-inch working cord under the fillers, and secure it.

Tie a Square Knot with the working cord, onto the fillers.




Pull

Step 2: Pull the fillers forward and bend them into loops.  Tie the next Square Knot with the working cords.

Tighten it around the fillers, so it rests just below the two loops.

Make sure it rests next to the first SK (no space between them).




Repeat

Step 3:  Repeat step 2 at least 2 more times.

Picot Designs usually look better if you make several loops, rather than just one.



 
Macrame Cord Divider
 

Larks Head Picots

 
Larks Head Picots
 
 

Picot designs can be made with the Vertical Larks Head knot.  The size of the picots is determined by the amount of space between the knots, similar to the first set of instructions on this page (SK Picots).

The picot loops made with this technique won't be directly across from each other.


Step 1:  Secure two holding cords to your board. Slide a 36-inch working cord under the holding cords, then use it to tie a Square Knot.


Step 2: Place the first Larks Head knot 2 inches below the SK, tying it as follows:

 

 
VLH
 

Use the right half of the working cord to make a clockwise loop over - under the two holding cords, then over the working cord.

Make the second loop by passing it under - over the holding cords, and under the working cord.

 

 
Slide
 

Step 3: Slide the Larks Head up so it rests next to the Square knot.


This forms the picot on the right side.

 

 
Left Picot
 

Step 4: Switch to the left working cord, and make the second Larks Head knot, which should rest 2 inches below the first one.

The loops are made rotating counter-clockwise.

 

 
Repeat
  Step 5:  Repeat steps 2 - 4 to make several more Larks Head knots.
 
 

 
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Spiral Stitch Picots

 
 Spiral Picots

 

Picot designs can be made with Half Knots, also called the Spiral Stitch.

The best thing about this technique is that the picots do not lie flat. They rest in different directions, because the knots twist. 

Like the previous technique, the size of the picots is determined by the spacing of the knots.

 

 
SK
 

Step 1: Fold one 36-inch cord in half, and secure it. This will give you 2 fillers.

Slide a 60-inch working cord under the fillers. Tie a Square Knot with the working cord.

 

 
Half Knot
 

Step 2: Move down 2 inches, and tie the first half of a Square Knot (Half Knot).

 

 
Two Knots
 

Step 3: Tie the first half of a SK again, just below the first one, with no space between them.

Important:  Always tie two Half knots after the space, or the design will be too loose.

 

 
Slide
 

Step 4:  Slide the two Half knots up, so they rest just below the Square knot, forming the picots.

 

 
Repeat
 

Step 5:  Repeat steps 2 - 4 several times.

The loops and knots will spiral, but you may need to help them along by deliberately twisting them into shape.

 
 

 


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Have any comments about these Picot Designs? Contact Me.



 
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 Victorian Needlework


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