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Picot Designs

 
Picot Designs
 
 

Description: Picot Designs are vintage Macrame techniques frequently seen in patterns written in the early 1900's.

Picots are small loops along the edges of sennits, which are chains of knots. They are often used to add decoration and make the edges of craft items look like flower petals.

Knots can be used to make picots, like in the Venetian Picot Mount.

Another page you should review is Unique Mounting Designs, which shows how picots can be used in the mounting process.


There are two beginner's projects in the Kid's section that feature picots.  Both are a great way to practice this important technique:


To view other Macrame projects that feature picots, see:

 


 
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Square Knot Design

 
SK Picots
 
 

Picot Designs are often created using Square Knots. Make sure you know how to tie them before you get started.

The size of the picot loops is determined by how much space is between the SK. 


Important: When using picots in a Macrame design, the working cords need to be longer than usual:

Determine the length of the area you wish to make with the Picot Designs, and multiply that by 15.  So for a 3-inch design, you need at least 45 inches of material.



 
Space Between Knots  

To practice, fold two 36-inch cords in half and secure them to your board.

Tie a Square Knot with 2 working cords (brown) around 2 fillers (blue).

Move down 2 inches, and tie another SK.

 

 
Slide 2nd SK Up  

Slide the second knot up, so it rests just below the first one. The loops on either side are the picots.

 

 
Several Picots  

Tie several more SK.  The picots will be the same size if each knot is 2 inches apart. 

Try putting different amounts of space between the knots, to get a feel for the type of designs you can make.

 
 

 
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Larks Head Design

 
 
Larks Head Design
 
 

Now it's time to learn how to make unique Picot Designs using other knots.  This one features the Vertical Larks Head knot.

You need two 36-inch working cords and two holding cords

Start by attaching the working cord to the holding cord (fillers) with a Square Knot.

Place the first Larks Head knot 2 inches below the SK, tying it as follows:

 

 
Vertical Larks Head  

Pass the right working cord over - under the two holding cords, and over the working cord as you bring it down.

Bring the end under - over the holding cord, and under the working cord for the second half.

 

 
Picot Loop  

Slide the knot up so it rests next to the Square knot. This forms the picot on the right side.

For picots on the right side only, use the same end to make the rest of the knots in the sennit.

 

 
Use Other End  

For an alternating pattern, switch to the left working cord and move down 2 inches.

Tie the next vertical Larks Head knot, and slide it up to rest close to the first.

 

 
Larks Head Design   The loops are not directly across from each other, which makes this variation unique.
 
 

 
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Spiral Stitch Design

 
 
Spiral Design
 
 

Picot Designs can be made with Half Knots, also called the Spiral Stitch.

The best thing about this technique is that the picots do not lie flat.

They rest in different directions, because the knots twist.

 

 
Square Knot  

Fold one 45-inch cord in half, and secure it. This will give you 2 fillers.

Slide one of the working cords under the secured cord. Tie a Square Knot with the ends of the working cords, onto the fillers.

 

 
Half Knot  

Move down 2 inches, and tie the first half of a Square Knot (Half Knot).

 

 
Two Half Knots  

Tie the first half of a SK again, just below the first one (no space).

Important:  Always tie two Half knots followed by a space, or the design will be too loose.

 

 
Slide Knots Up  

Slide the two knots up to rest below the Square knot, forming the picots.

 

 
Half Knot Design  

To continue, leave another space and tie 2 more Half Knots.

The loops and knots will spiral, but you may need to help them along by deliberately twisting them into shape.

 
 

 
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Vintage Design -- One Side

 
 
Vintage Design
 
 

Picot Designs were very popular in the early 1900's. But they were usually made on one side only, which is what you will learn now.

How this design differs from those above is that you do not add space between the Square knots.

 

 
Pull Working Cord to Side  

Fold one 36-inch cord in half, and secure it. This will give you 2 fillers.

Tie a left Square Knot with a working cord, onto the fillers. 

Pull the left working cord to the side and secure it to your work surface.

 

 
No Space Between Knots  

Tie a left Square knot just below the first, making sure the portion you pulled to the side remains in place.

This gives you a picot on the left side only.

 

 
Picots on Left Side Only   Repeat the process several more times, to form the rest of the sennit.

To make the picot designs on the right, tie right Square Knots, and pull the right working cord to the side.
 
 

 
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Vintage Design -- Front

 
 
Frontal Picots
 
 

Picot Designs like this one are rarely used anymore. I found this technique in a Macrame book written in 1899.

The reason it's so unique is that the loops come out from the front of the sennit. Also, the loops are made by the fillers, not the working cords.


Fold one 36-inch cord in half, and secure it. This will give you 2 fillers.

Tie a Square Knot onto the fillers using the working cords.

 

 
Pull Fillers Forward  

Pull the fillers forward and bend them into loops.

Tie a Square Knot with the working cords, and tighten it so it rests under the two loops.

Make sure it rests next to the first SK (no space between them).

 

 
Frontal Picots   Repeat the process a few more times.
 
 



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Have any comments about these Picot Designs? Contact Me.



 
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