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 Bell Tower

Bell Tower

Description:  The Bell Tower is a unique Macrame Plant hanger.  The design at the top resembles a pair of double bells.   You can also add real bells for decoration (optional).

Layered fringe is located below the small bell as well as the bottom of the cradle.  This can be left wavy or be brushed, as shown in the image.

The cradle is unique in that it is wide and shallow, suitable for short plant pots, or artificial flowers.

The size of the finished plant hanger is 36 inches tall, suitable for small spaces.   I've also provided you with details to make a 40-inch design.

This Macrame project is rated moderate, since some experience is necessary.  Be sure to practice all the knots used in the design, before you get started.

Time Consuming

Supplies Needed:
  • 6mm cord material (two 100-yard rolls)
  • Two 5-inch rings
  • Two 3-inch rings
  • 4 beads with 10mm holes (or larger)
  • Project Board and pins
  • Jingle bells for decoration (optional)
  • Fabric glue that dries clear

Knots Used in Design:

Mounting the Cords

Step 1:  36-inch Size:  Cut 16 cords, each 6.5 yards long. 

40-inch Size:  Cut 16 cords, each 7.5 yards long. 

Either Size:  Cut 4 cords, each 36 inches long. 

Prepare the ends all the cords with tape, to prevent unraveling while you work on the Bell Tower.

Fold Cords

Pass 8 of the long cords through a 3-inch ring, folding them in half and centering them. 

Secure one end of the the 36-inch cord on the left.  Fold it as shown, so the long portion is resting to the left of the secured portion.


Begin the Wrapped Knot by moving the long end of the short cord to the right, over the front of the cords.  Bring it behind the cords, moving it to the left.

Pull it tightly before repeating the process to make the next wrap.  The first two wraps should be as close to the ring as possible.

Complete the Knot

Wrap 5 more times, progressing downward. Pass the working end through the folded area, which looks like a loop now.

Pull the secured end of the cord (top of knot), to move the loop and working end inside the knot

Apply glue under each end, so it's inside the wrapped portion. Cut the ends flush with the top and bottom edge of the Wrapped Knot (36-inch cord only).

Important:  Pull down firmly on each of the long cords, so they tighten around the lower portion of the ring.

Use these same instructions each time you create a Wrapped Knot, further down on the Bell Tower.


 Large Bell Design

4 Cords per Knot

Step 2:  Organize the cords into 4 groups of 4 cords.  Mentally number the cords in each group 1 - 4.

Tie a Square Knot in each group, using cords 1 and 4 as the working cords.  Tighten them firmly, so they rest next to the lower edge of the Wrapped Knot.


For the second row of SK, alternate the cords.

Each new knot (2nd row) should be tied combining cords 1 - 2 from one knot with 3 - 4 from another knot (in the first row).  

Add Cords

Step 3: Alternate the cords again, into the same 4 groups as row 1.   Mentally number the cords in one group, 1 - 4.

Fold two 6.5-yard cords in half, and place one around each working cord (numbered 1 and 4).  Tie the Square Knot with the cords you have been working with, NOT the new cords.

Step 4:  Repeat step 3, adding the remaining 6.5 yard cords to the other 3 groups.

New Cords

Step 5: Arrange the cords coming from two knots in front of you. 

Find the 2 ends of one new cord from the left knot (1), and do the same with the right knot (2).

Use the four ends to tie one SK, which will rest between knots 1 and 2.

Step 6:  Repeat step 5, tying SK with all the remaining new cords.


Step 7:  Tie 6 more rows of ASK, working in a circle to form a tube. 

This may be easier for you if you hang the Bell Tower design from the ring at the top.


Attach all the cords to a 5-inch ring with Double Half Hitches (DHH).  Add extra Half Hitches if needed, to cover the entire ring.

Tighten the Half Hitches as much as possible, so the last row of ASK rests against the ring.  This will cause the lower portion to spread out, forming the large bell at the top of the Bell Tower.

Macrame Cord Divider


Small Bell Design

Step 8:  Mentally number the cords 1 - 32.  Locate cords 5 - 8, 13 - 16, 21 - 24, and 29 - 32 (total of 16 cords). 

Bundle these cords and pull them to the inside of the remaining groups, since they will be used to create the small bell for the Bell Tower design.

16 cords

Use a 36-inch cord to make a Wrapped Knot around the bundle (as in step 1).   It should consist of 5 wraps.

Add glue below the ends and cut them close to the top and bottom edge of the knot (36-inch cord only).

Pull Cords

Important: Pull firmly on each of the cords in the bundle.  They should be straight and taut in the area above the Wrapped Knot.  

The top of the knot should be lined up with the ring, and rest in the center of it.  Adjust the knot as needed, so the Bell Tower is balanced.

Small Bell

Step 9:  Tie 4 rows of ASK, moving in a circle to form a tube, similar to what you did in step 7.

Attach all the cords to a 3-inch ring with DHH.  Make sure you pull the cords tightly, so the last row of ASK rests against the ring.  Add extra Half Hitches if needed, so the ring is completely covered.

Wrapped Knot

Bundle the 16 cords so they line up with the center of the ring.  Tie a Wrapped Knot around them, using a 36-inch cord. Apply glue and cut off the excess (36-inch cord).

Important:  Pull each cord, so the portions above the knot are flat and taut.

Step 10:  Measure from the lower edge of the Wrapped Knot down 7 inches.  Cut the cords at that point. 

SAVE THE SCRAPS.  They will be used to make the cradle.  Apply tape to the cut ends to prevent unraveling.


Long Sennits

Like most plant hangers, the Bell Tower has 4 long sennits.  These are made with Buttonhole designs. The number will vary, depending on the size:

36-inch size: Total of 6 Buttonhole Designs 

40-inch size: Total of 8 Buttonhole Designs  

Step 11:  The 4 groups of cords coming from the ring of the large bell are used to tie the sennits, so mentally number the cords in one set 1 - 4. 

Tie a tight Square knot using cords 1 and 4, around fillers 2 and 3. 

Part 1

Step 12: With the same group, use cord 4 to tie a Vertical Larks Head onto cord 3, rotating clockwise.

The first part is tied by making a loop, over - under cord 3.  Pass the end over cord 4.

Part 2

The second part is tied by making another loop, this time under - over cord 3.  Pass the end under cord 4.

Step 13:  Repeat step 12 three more times, for a total of 4 Larks Head knots.

Second Half

Step 14:  For the left half of the Buttonhole design, use cord 1 to tie 4 Vertical Larks head knots, rotating counter-clockwise.

Complete the design by tying another SK with the four cords.  The working cords are 1 and 4.

Step 15:  For a 36-inch Bell Tower: 

Repeat steps 12 - 14, creating 2 more Buttonhole designs using the same group of four cords. 

For a 40-inch Bell Tower:

Repeat steps 12 - 14, creating 3 more Buttonhole designs using the same group of cords.

Switch Cords

Step 16:  Slide all 4 cords through one bead, and position it against the last SK.

Switch the cords so the shortest two are between the two longer cords.

This is important, so you have enough material to finish the Bell Tower.

Step 17:   Use the two longest cords to tie a Square Knot, around the two short cords (fillers).

36-inch Size:  Repeat steps 12 - 14, creating 3 more Buttonhole designs.

40-inch Size: Repeat steps 12 - 14, creating 4 more Buttonhole designs.

Step 18: Repeat steps 11 - 17, in each of the remaining 3 sets of cords coming from the ring of the large bell.

Step 19:  Before you create the cradle for the Bell Tower, you should make the fringe in the upper area.

Divide the cords dangling below the small bell so that the 8 cords on the inside center area of the bundle are used to make the long fringe. 

The short fringe is made with the 8 cords on the outside.

Measure from the bottom of the Wrapped knot down to the following lengths:


Long Fringe: Unravel the cords as much as possible, then brush and trim them to 6 inches.

Short Fringe:  Unravel, and then brush and trim the cords to 3 inches.

Macrame Cord Divider

The Cradle

The Cradle for the Bell Tower starts out by adding several cords to each of the long sennits.   You need a total of 32 cords, 1.5 yards long.

Sort through the scraps you cut off from the small bell in step 10.  Use any scraps that are at least 1.5 yards long (54 inches).   For scraps over 3 yards long, cut them in half. 

Step 20:  Each time you are asked to add cords, you fold a 1.5 yard cord in half, and place it under the two cords that will hold the knot.  Secure it at the center, and make sure it's balanced.  Use the new cord to tie a Square Knot.  

Adding Cords

Row 1:  Mentally number the four cords coming from one long Buttonhole sennit.  Add a 1.5-yard cord onto cords 1 and 2.

Add another 1.5-yard cord onto cords 3 and 4.

Row 2

Row 2:  Mentally re-number the 8 cords. 

Add a 1.5-yard cord onto cords 1 and 2, and another one onto cords 7 and 8.

Tie an ASK with cords 3 - 6.

Row 3

Row 3:  Mentally re-number the 12 cords.

Add a 1.5-yard cords onto cords 1 and 2, and another onto cords 11 and 12.

Tie an ASK with cords 3 - 6, and another with 7 - 10.

Row 4:  Mentally re-number the 16 cords.   Add a 1.5-yard cord onto 1 and 2, and another onto cords 15 and 16.

The ASK with cords 3 - 6,  7 - 10, and 11 - 14.

5 Rows

Row 5:  Mentally re-number the 20 cords.  Do not add any new cords to this row.

Tie ASK with cords 3 - 6, 7 - 10, 11 - 14, and 15 - 18.

Mark cords 1, 2, 19, and 20 with a small piece of tape, so you can easily identify them.

Step 21:  Repeat step 20, adding a total of 8 new cords to the other three long sennits.   Be sure to mark cords 1, 2, 19, 20 after tying the knots in row 5.

Step 22:  Place two of the V designs next to each other. Make sure the long sennits for the Bell Tower are not twisted, and are face up.


Locate cords 19, 20 from the left design and 1, 2 from the one on the right (marked cords). 

Tie a SK with the 4 cords.  The working cords used to tie the knot should be 19 and 2.

Step 23:  Repeat the same process, linking all the V designs by connecting cords 19, 20, 1 and 2 (marked cords).     Each design should be connected to another at both sides.

Step 24:  Tie several more rows of ASK, working in a circle all the way around the cradle for the Bell Tower. 

The number of rows is up to you, but make sure you stop when the shortest cords are 18 inches long.   

Step 25:  You will now be attaching half the cords to the last 5-inch ring, at the bottom of the Bell Tower.  Pass the four cords from each SK into the ring, one set at a time. 

Attach only the fillers to the ring (cords 2 and 3), with DHH.  The working cords are 1 and 4, and should dangle freely inside the ring.

Make sure these DHH are firmly tied, so the ring rests against the last row of ASK.  You can add extra Half Hitches if necessary, to completely cover the ring.

Step 26:  Gather all the cords you did not attach to the ring (working cords from the Square knots) into a bundle.  Make sure they are as straight as possible and don't overlap one another.

Gather Working Cords

Tie a Wrapped Knot around them using a 36-inch cord. Make sure it rests in the center of the ring.

Important:  Pull down on each cord, so they are straight and taut in the area above the knot. 


Lower Fringe

The fringe for the Bell Tower consists of 3 layers.  You can make the layers any length, but try to keep each layer at least 2 inches different from the next, so you can see all three levels.

Two Sizes

Step 27:  Select 12 cords from inside the bundle of cords you just wrapped, and cut them to at least 7 inches.

Trim the remaining cords from the bundle to at least 5 inches.

Third Layer

To make the third layer of Fringe for your Bell Tower Planter, trim the cords attached to the ring to at least 3 inches.

Unravel and brush all the cords to create the fringe, as you did in step 19.   

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Macrame Cord Divider