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Square Knot Sennits

 
Alternating #1

Alternating #2

ZigZag pattern

Star pattern
Alternating Pattern #1

Alternating Pattern #2

Zigzag Pattern

Star Pattern

 
 

Description:  These Square Knot Sennits are chains of knots tied one right after another.  How you construct the sennits to form a Macrame design can vary in several ways.

You can form interesting designs for your Macrame projects by alternating colors, or by changing the direction of the knots.

You can also cross cords, or switch back and forth between groups of cords.


Four vintage designs are described on this page:

  • Alternating Sennit #1 is made with two pairs of working cords.
  • Alternating Sennit #2 is made with two pairs of working cords, and the knots face opposite directions.
  • The Zigzag Sennit is made with shared cords, with the knots heading opposite directions.
  • The Star Pattern is a very common design with star-shaped openings between the Square knots.


You need to know the difference between fillers and working cords. See the Macrame Dictionary if these terms are not familiar to you.  

Also, make sure you know how to tie both right and left Square Knots.


2017 Update:  The images and text on this page has been changed, and new information added.  Contact me if you need the original page.

 


 
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Alternating #1
 

Alternating Pattern #1


For this vintage design, you switch back and forth between two pairs of working cords.

This creates loops along the edges of the sennit, which makes it a little wider and more interesting than regular Square knot sennits.


 


Fish Bone

The Fish Bone Designs are similar to this type of Alternating Sennit. 

Click on the link or image to visit that page.



 
Arrange
 

Step 1: Secure six 36-inch cords to your project board vertically. The two cords in the center are the fillers for all the knots.

Mentally label the two sets of working cords A and B as shown (Set A closest to fillers).

 


Designer's Tip:  When you are learning these Square knot sennits for the first time, I recommend you use different colors, arranging them as shown in the images. 

This way you can clearly recognize which cords are used next.


 
Set A
 

Step 2:  Use Set A to tie a Square knot around both fillers.

Position the cords horizontally, so they rest on top of the other pair of working cords.

 

 
Set B
 

Step 3: Use Set B to tie the next Square knot. 

Move Set A so the cords are vertical.

Then arrange Set B on top of them horizontally.

 


Designer's Tip:  Always position the cords in the direction they need to be for the next knot.  Do this at every step, immediately after tying the SK.

The cords for the previous knot should be vertical, since they will be used next. They rest under the cords you just used, which are horizontal.


 
Set A
 

Step 4: Tie the next Square knot with Set A.

Move Set B so the cords are vertical.

Arrange Set A on top of them horizontally.

 

 
Continue
  Step 5: Repeat steps 3 and 4 several more times, pushing the knots close together as you progress.

Square Knot sennits look better if they are long, with at least 5 - 10 knots.

 
 


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Alternating #2

Alternating Pattern #2


Square Knot sennits are often made with knots that alternate direction, like this one does.

This pattern is similar to the first design, but the right and left edges are more symmetrical.

The loops form a frame around each knot, which makes it really unique.






Arrange

Step 1:  Arrange six 36-inch cords on your board vertically.  The two cords in the center are the fillers for all the knots.

Mentally label the working cords A and B, with Set A closest to the fillers.



Set A

Step 2:  Use Set A to tie a LEFT Square knot around both fillers.

Position the cords horizontally, resting on top of the other working cords.



Set B

Step 3:  Tie a RIGHT Square knot with Set B.

After you are finished, arrange Set A vertically, and Set B horizontally (arrows). 



Designer's Tip:  As you make these Square Knot sennits, when you tie a left SK, you first move the working cord on the left.  The head of the knot will face left.

For a right SK, you move the working cord on the right first, so the head will face right.

In the image above the black lines indicating the left and right SK are pointing to the head of each knot.  Click on the image if you need to see more details.



Set A

Step 4:  Use Set A again, tying the next LEFT SK.

Move Set B vertically, then arrange Set A horizontally on top.



Repeat

Step 5:  Repeat steps 3 and 4 several more times, pushing the knots close together as you progress.



 
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Zigzag pattern
 

Zigzag Pattern


Square Knot sennits are often used in plant hanger designs. This vintage pattern was frequently seen in Macrame planters and tables from the 1970s. 

Some of the cords are shared, so the knots are connected differently than in a regular sennit.  The knots face opposite directions.

 

 

 
Arrange
 

Step 1: To practice, secure six 36-inch cords to your project board vertically.  (See important tip below)

Mentally number the cords 1 - 6.  The shared cords are the green ones in this image.

 


Important Tip:  The cords in the center are used in all the knots, so they will become short really fast.  For that reason, they should be DOUBLE the length of the other cords when you are using this design in a Macrame project.   

When practicing, they can all be the same length.


 
Left SK

Step 2: Using working cords 1 and 4, tie a LEFT SK.

The fillers are cords 2 and 3.

 


Designer's Tip:  Square Knot sennits should have straight edges.  So adjusting the tension and position of these knots is an important part of the process.

After tightening, make sure the knot is horizontal, and that it is close to the previous knot.


 
Right SK
 

Step 3:  Tie a RIGHT SK using working cords 3 and 6.

The fillers are cords 4 and 5.

 

 
Repeat
  Step 4: Repeat step 2, tying a LEFT SK.

 

 
Repeat
  Step 5: Repeat steps 3 and 4 several more times.

Pay close attention to the position of the knots. Make sure they are horizontal after tightening.

The segments between the knots on both sides should be straight without slack.
 
 

 
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Star Pattern

Star Pattern

The Star Pattern is different from the other Square Knot sennits because there is space between the knots.

The Square Knots alternate position and direction.  

The center of each 4-knot design has a diamond shape, which resembles a star.




Leather Star Bracelet

The Leather Star Bracelet features this design.

Click on the link or image to visit that page, if you want to give it a try.




Arrange

Step 1:  Secure six 36-inch cords to your project board vertically.  

Using different colors is optional, but adds a nice touch of contrast.

Mentally number the cords 1 - 6.


 
Left SK
 

Step 2: Tie a LEFT SK using working cords 2 and 5.

The fillers are cords 3 and 4.

 

 
Left SK
 

Step 3: Tie a LEFT SK using working cords 1 and 3.

There is only one filler (cord 2).

Tighten the knot so it rests 1/4-inch from the first SK.

 

 
Right SK
 

Step 4: Tie a RIGHT SK with working cords 4 and 6.

This knot also has one filler (cord 5).

Tighten it so it rests directly across from the knot tied in step 3.  Make sure both knots are level (not tilted).

 

 
Left SK
 

Step 5: To finish the four knot group, tie a LEFT SK with working cords 2 and 5.

The fillers are cords 3 and 4

Make sure this knot rests 1/4-inch from the previous knots.

 

 
Repeat

Step 6: Repeat steps 3 - 5 at least one more time.

It's very important that the knots are horizontal and have the same spacing.

Do your best to keep the edges straight by adjusting the tension of cords 1 and 6.
 

 


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Have any comments about Square Knot Sennits? Contact Me.



 
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