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Square Knot Sennits

 
Zig Zag Pattern
  Alternating Sennit
  Star Pattern
Zigzag Pattern   Alternating Sennit   Star Pattern
 
 

Description:  Square Knot Sennits are chains of knots, tied one after the next. How you construct the sennits to form a Macrame design depends on what you are making.  

You can form interesting designs for your Macrame projects by alternating colors, or by changing the direction of the knots.

You can also cross cords, or switch back and forth between groups of cords.


Three vintage designs are described on this page (shown above): 

  • Center Design:  Made with two sets of working cords.
  • Left Design: Made with shared cords to create a Zigzag Pattern.
  • Right Design: Very common technique that forms a Star in the center.


You need to know the difference between fillers and working cords. See the Macrame Dictionary if these terms are not familiar to you.  

Also, make sure you know how to tie both right and left Square Knots.

I recommend you use a project board and pins while practicing these techniques.


 
 
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Alternating Sennit  

Alternating Sennit

Square Knot sennits used in the late 1800's were often quite unique. 

For this design, you switch back and forth between two sets of working cords.

This creates loops along the edges of the sennit.

The Square Knots can face one direction as shown, or you can alternate between left and right SK.

 

 
Six Cords  

Step 1: Fold three cords in half, and secure them vertically.

Mentally number the cords 1 - 6. The fillers are cords 3 and 4 throughout the entire design.

The first set of working cords are 2 and 5. The second set are 1 and 6.

 

 
SK With Cords 2 and 5  

Step 2: Using working cords 2 and 5, tie a Square knot around both fillers.

Position the working cords horizontally, to the right and left, after you are through.

See next photo.

 

 
Next SK with Cords 1 and 6  

Step 3: Bring cords 1 and 6 under the previous set of working cords (2 and 5).

Then use them to tie the second Square knot. 

Move the ends horizontally to the left and right.

 

 
SK With Cords 2 and 5  

Step 4: Bring cords 2 and 5 under the previous set of working cords (1 and 6).

Use them to tie the third Square knot.

 

 
Completed Sennit   Step 5: Repeat steps 3 and 4 several more times, until the sennit is completed.
 
 

 
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Zig Zag Pattern  

Zigzag Pattern

Square Knot sennits like this one are fairly common. This vintage design was frequently used in Macrame projects from the early 1900's. 

Cords are shared, so the knots are connected differently than in a regular sennit.

The Square knots face both directions, so make sure you have practiced both right and left SK.

 

 

 
Three Cords Mounted  

Step 1: Fold 3 cords in half and secure them to your project board, or mount them to a holding cord with Larks Head knots.  (See tip below)

Mentally number the cords 1 - 6.

 


Important Tip:  When using Square Knot Sennits in a Macrame project, some cords may need to be cut longer.

In this design, the cord in the center (green) will quickly become shorter than the others. 

So it should be DOUBLE the length of the other two cords.


 
Left Facing SK  

Step 2: Tie a left Square Knot with cords 1 and 4.

The fillers are cords 2 and 3.

 


Square Knot Tip:  Remember that the head of the Square knot will face the direction of the cord moved in the first step.

See Square Knot for details. 

In the knot shown above, cord 1 was moved first.  In the knot below, cord 6 was moved first.


 
Right Facing SK  

Step 3:  Tie a right SK using cords 3 and 6.

The fillers are cords 4 and 5.

 

 
Left Facing SK   Step 4: The next knot is like the first, and should face left.

Use cords 1 - 4, with 2 and 3 as the fillers.
 

 
Completed Sennit   Step 5: Repeat steps 3 and 4 several more times.
 
 

 
Macrame Cord Divider
 
 
Star Pattern  

Star Pattern

Some Square Knot sennits look better if they are tied loosely and have color shifts.

The center of this 4-knot design resembles a star.

You will not see the diamond shape if the knots are close together, so make sure there is space between the knots.

 

Go to the Leather Star Bracelet if you want to see a project made with this common technique.


 
Left SK with 4 cords  

Step 1: Fold three cords in half and secure them to your board (or mount them to a holding cord).

Tie a left SK using cords 2 and 5.

The fillers are cords 3 and 4.

 

 
Left SK with 3 Cords  

Step 2: Tie the next left SK using cords 1 and 3.

There is only one filler (cord 2).

Tighten the knot so there is a 1/2-inch space between it and the knot above it.

 

 
Right SK with 3 Cords  

Step 3: Tie a right SK with cords 4 and 6.

This knot also has one filler (cord 5).

Tighten it so it rests directly across from the knot tied in step 2.

 

 
Left SK with 4 Cords  

Step 4: To finish the four knot design, tie a left SK with cords 2 and 5.

The fillers are cords 3 and 4.

 

 
Star In Center  

Step 5: Repeat steps 2 - 4 to continue. 

The curved portions in the center form a star or diamond shape.

 
 


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Have any comments about Square Knot Sennits? Contact Me.



 
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